[SOLVED] Internationalization of Higher Education
Directions: In this section explain the benefits of internationalization. Please make sure that when you cite the sources that you list the page number. For example, Smith (2014, pg. 25) concludes that the presence of international students on campus add cross-cultural understanding. I will need to go back and verify that the information is correct so please list page numbers. SECTION ONE: Benefits of Internationalization (One Page) Increase multicultural/cross cultural understanding Note to self – See Pg 61of Henrickson text. Education for the common good Provides opportunities for international students to improve their quality of life You can access this for freev ia google books Source: Bista, K. (Ed.). (2019). Global perspectives on international student experiences in higher education: Tensions and issues. Routledge. Education to foster diplomac Preparing Students to be global citizens Example to Include: The internationalization of education also facilitates in engendering the international characteristics fostered in students that are desirable in a global economy such as international-mindedness and open mindedness, second language competence, flexibility of thinking, tolerance and respect for others Source: Jibeen, T., & Khan, M. A. (2015). Internationalization of higher education: Potential benefits and costs. International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education, 4(4), 196-199.https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1091722.pdf SECTION TWO Financial Benefits 2.5 PAGES- Directions: Discuss the following points in this section. Explain how US universities can capitalize on the desire of international student recruitment because the prevalence of language Example to Include: A second framing discourse endorses internationalization for revenue potential in a global market for credentials. International students are often viewed as a source of revenue (Shields 2013; Cantwell 2015), and given the global dominance of English, Anglophone countries are able to capitalize off a global desire to study in an English-speaking environment to recruit international students. Source – See page 317 https://www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/pdf/10.1086/703794 Explain how international student can be an additional source of revenue for institutions International students, especially those at the undergraduate level, have been especially attractive as a source of revenue. International undergraduate students have sometimes been charged fees by countries where there are no fees for national students, Source: See Page 513 Cantwell, B. (2019). Are international students cash cows? Examining the relationship between new international undergraduate enrollments and institutional revenue at public colleges and universities in the US. Journal of International Students, 512, 512-525. Explain how internationalization efforts in general have been used to promote economic interests through research initiatives Example: Comparisons are made along the following dimensions: creation and expansion of intermediating organizations external to universities that promote closer relations between universities and markets; interstitial organizations that emerge from within universities that intersect various market oriented projects; narratives, discourses and social technologies that promote marketization and competition; expanded m Source – See Page 585 Slaughter, Sheila, and Brendan Cantwell. “Transatlantic moves to the market: The United States and the European Union.” Higher Education 63, no. 5 (2012): 583-606. https://www.jstor.org/stable/pdf/41429102.pdf?casa_token=4TVmzMhHzLMAAAAA:Zkd_DHp41e9xsDY4uNcxUH3U5Uunkos_vxLMMb5XOrj_0Xk0Jj4BcgcaM1RyIa4Z68vrPtgpFIpOsQH1JDcv-lZwVS7-ICLN-CKpWPspM8ZzUcew31zJ-A Discuss International Partnership and how this can be beneficial Source – Andrews, D. R., No, S., Powell, K. K., Rey, M. P., & Yigletu, A. (2016). Historically black colleges and universities institutional survival and sustainability: A view from the HBCU business deans perspective. Journal of Black Studies, 47(2), 150-168. See Page 162 https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/0021934715622220?casa_token=4_ug4SSXcYMAAAAA:NQZyLg1QXHNpV65itK8KNgseSNHueG4_Pt–CqVk1n_OFmL-KsNaSVU2qDUXv84Gr1vi4JsxeW3y6dw Moreover, a turbulent environment is not a time to be insular, protective, and self-absorbed. Higher education leadership should be attempting to create and expand synergistic partnerships with other domestic and international universities, federal entities, nonprofits, local communities, emerging growth industries, and businesses worldwide. These partnerships, which include contracted services or joint delivery of training or related services to third parties, result in a competitive advantage and create new revenue streams for HBCUs (Hirsch & Weber, 2002; Wilson, 2011; Zeiss, 2003) You should find articles that specifically discuss international branch campuses and how These can be financial beneficial. See if there are shared benefits between internationalization and technology SECTION THREE Challenges to Internationalization – 1.5 PAGES Directions: Present 4-5 challenges institutions experience when internationalizing Lack of faculty engagement and faculty least likely to collaborate on international research Lack of oversight with accrediting bodies Strict Restrictions with the immigration Policy – Look up SEVIS Program.