[SOLVED] The Basseri of Iran
Prepare and submit a term paper on The Basseri of Iran. Your paper should be a minimum of 2250 words in length. This goes for marriage as well. however, in the Basseri culture women are controlled and they are forced to cover their faces in public. More about the control of women will be discussed later in this paper. First, the pastoral culture of the Basseri needs to be explained to understand how the rest of the culture works fits.Culture can be defined as everything around us, everything we do, make, think, or say. Culture is constantly changing and is influenced by many things. The Basseri are nomadic pastoralist tribes from the Fars region of present-day Iran. They descended from the Arabic, Persian, Turkish and Gypsy ancestors and are involved in rearing sheep, donkeys, horses, camels, dogs and goats. The donkeys are used to carry women and children while men ride in horses. The camels, on the other hand, are used to carry heavy loads especially during migration (Salzman et al. 1995). The “tent or family group is the basic unit of social organization among the Basseri. All tents have a recognized head that deals with the formal officers of the tribe, villagers, and other strangers (Nowak & Laird, 2010). They speak the Farsi dialect.Khanam (2005) gives details of where the Basseri live. The Basseri live in the Iranian province of Fars and migrate along the steppes and mountains near the town of Shiraz. Their population was 16, 000 in the 1950s but more recent estimates have not been widely published. Unlike other tribes, they are defined by political rather than ethnic or geographic criteria due to their livelihood. The area they inhabit of 18, 000 to 21, 000 square kilometers spans a large ecological range. There are deserts in the south, mountains in the North. The mountain precipitation provides support for vegetation while the southern lowland runoff and summer droughts limit vegetation to hardy desert scrubs. In the rainy season of winter, there is a temporary grass cover (p. 121).The subsistence mode influences the way people live. .